Three original Rife Machines have been found. Find out how they really worked by reading:
The Rife Machine Report
The Rife Machine Report
Metal Hand Cylinders
Hand Held Ray Tubes
By reading the full document you can get the answers to the following:
1. Learn why metal hand cylinders, through direct contact, will deliver 100% of the total energy output and a single glass ray tube, through direct contact, will deliver about 9% of the total energy output.
2. Learn how two glass hand held ray tubes, through direct contact, will deliver about 50% of the total energy output using the reversing polarity method which they use.
3. Learn how all ray tubes work on both "Conduction" and "Induction."
4. Learn what is the "Connective Tissue Effect" and what is the "Cell Effect."
5. Learn how scientific tests have proven that frequencies will go through biological tissue using metal hand cylinders and hand held ray tubes.
6. Learn why the light and the broad spectrum energies output from a ray tube are not necessary for the frequencies to work.
7. Learn why applying the metal conductor "Skin Effect" definition to human biological tissue is scientifically incorrect.
8. Learn why it is necessary to use a 100,000 Hertz RF carrier frequency for biological cell penetration (or the Cell Effect).
John Marsh, one of Dr. Rife's 1950's business parters, stated the following in a paper he wrote entitled "Instructions for the use of the RIFE FREQUENCY INSTRUMENTS." We quote:
"There are two types of Rife Frequency Instruments."
1. A large instrument whose "applicator source" consists of an anode and a cathode concealed in a glass tube [ray tube] surrounded by an inert gas envelope.
2. A small instrument whose "applicator source" consists of a bare anode and cathode constructed from a special type metal [metal hand cylinders and footplates or disks] for easy transmission flow of positrons."
It was John Crane and John Marsh, two of Dr. Rife's business partners, who started using this second type of instrument back in the late 1950's. One metal disk or hand cylinder acts as a positive and the other acts as a negative. Because of the direct contact with metal conductors using a positive and a negative, 100% of the power through “Conduction” is delivered to the user instead of about 3% to 50% as with glass ray tubes. The tests that have been done and will be discussed in this article clearly show that metal hand cylinders can deliver twice the power that glass hand held ray tubes can deliver. But both methods have their limits that need to be understood by anyone using them.
This second type of Rife instrument which used disks or metal hand cylinders and footplates has been used for over 50 years with good success. But about 15 years ago a false concept began to be promoted which today is called the “Skin Effect” myth. This myth to some degree has been used to try and discourage people from purchasing frequency generators which only use metal hand cylinders. To learn more about this false "Skin Effect" myth read the link below. On that page is another link to a paper that gives all of the scientific data which shows how the "Skin Effect" myth is scientifically incorrect.
We will assume, in the interest of keeping this article as short as possible, that the reader has read this information about the "Skin Effect" myth and understands that it is scientifically incorrect.
Below are three photos. The first one shows two metal hand cylinders. The second shows a single ray tube like the type that Dr. Rife used. The third shows hand held ray tubes. Whether you use a single ray tube or two hand held ray tubes they both work on the scientific principles of "Induction" and "Conduction." Metal hand cylinders only work on the scientific principle of "Conduction." These three photos represent the different methods we will be discussing.
There are basically two methods of delivering frequencies which have been used since the 1930’s and the late 1950’s.
The first method used by Dr. Rife was a single gas filled glass ray tube that acts as an antenna. This type of a single ray tube is shown in the second photo above. The single glass ray tube works on the scientific principle known as “Induction.” This method works by broadcasting the frequencies through the air into the person using the single ray tube. With this method there was no direct contact of the user with the glass ray tube. In other words the user did not hold the single ray tube in their hands.
The second method of using metal disks (or metal hand cylinders) was developed in the late 1950’s. The metal disks were connected to any off-the-shelf frequency generator by electrical wires. The disks were held in the hands of the user. Later in the 1960's the round metal disks were replaced with metal hand cylinders and metal footplates. The metal hand cylinders are shown in the first photo above. Holding these metal hand cylinders in the users hands made it so that there was a direct contact with the metal electrodes. The electrical frequencies would then go into the body of the user by the “Conduction” or contact method of delivering frequencies.
The third method is a take-off of the first method of using a single ray tube. In the late 1980’s and early 1990’s a few instrument builders started a new method which consists of holding two small glass hand held ray tubes in the hands of the user. This third method was designed to try and get the “Induction” or the NON-CONTACT method (glass ray tube) to work like “Conduction” or the metal hand cylinder CONTACT method. In order to get hand held ray tubes to work like metal hand cylinders they had to reverse the polarity of the energy so that it would go back and forth between the two glass hand held ray tubes. When one ray tube is on the other ray tube is off. This switching back and forth happens so quickly that the user cannot see it. Using this method creates a very strong electro-magnetic field between the two glass hand held ray tubes. This makes them highly conductive (about half as conductive as metal hand cylinders) even though they are made of glass. This reversing polarity method makes the glass hand held ray tubes work, to some degree, like metal hand cylinders which work on the scientific principle known as “Conduction.”
To fully understand how metal hand cylinders and glass hand held ray tubes work it is necessary to understand how the methods of "Conduction" and "Induction" work. We will cover this with an easy to understand explanation and then show the scientific tests that were done on both methods of delivering frequencies.
Direct "Conduction" or induced "Induction"
or metal hand cylinders and and held ray tubes
"CONDUCTION" or Metal Hand Cylinders
The next part of understanding how the two methods work is to understand the difference between "Conduction" and "Induction." What the reader needs to understand is there are basically two methods of delivering frequencies. The first method is the direct contact or “Conduction” method which uses metal hand held electrodes or cylinders which work like a positive and negative. These metal hand cylinders use AC or alternating current which will deliver 100% of the energy due the the metal being an almost perfect conductor. Without this understanding of "Conduction" you really will not understand how metal hand cylinders work. From the encyclopedia we obtain the definition of the first method called "Conduction." We quote:
“Conduction in science is when energy moves from one place to another place. Heat and electricity are two kinds of energy that move by conduction. Something that energy can easily move through is a good conductor. Metal is a good conductor. An insulator is a bad conductor. Energy cannot move quickly through an insulator. Plastics are one kind of insulator.”
In simple easy to understand terms “Conduction” is the movement of energy or electricity on the surface of a good conductor such as metal. We will not discuss how heat penetrates from the outside, slowly to the inside, when you cook something in a typical oven because using electrical frequencies work differently.
All electromagnetic frequencies are electrical. You cannot have one without the other. Some people have incorrectly called the use of "Conduction" which uses metal hand cylinders just “Plain old electricity.” This is not an accurate description. All frequencies are electrical but it is the cycles per second that change in frequencies. Whether you use a 1 Hertz frequency or 1,000,000 (one million) Hertz frequency they are all electromagnetic frequencies which use electricity. So if someone uses the words “Plain old electricity” that would probably be more descriptive of our wall socket 120V 60 Hertz or cycles per second electricity. But when we talk about "Conduction" with metal hand cylinders and frequency generators this is not a correct understanding of the science of electromagnetic frequencies.
Another thing we learn from the above definition is plastic or rubber and even glass is an insulator with limited conductivity. The reader of this comparison of these two methods needs to keep in mind the fact that glass, rubber and plastic reduce conductivity when using the direct contact “Conduction” or metal hand cylinder method of delivering frequencies through a positive and a negative. The hand held electrodes have to be conductive like metal. They cannot be made of glass or coated in rubber or plastic.
Electrical wire has rubber or flexible plastic coatings to keep us from being electrocuted. If the human body worked like the incorrect “Skin Effect” myth implies then no one would ever be electrocuted because the electrical frequency of 120 volts at 60 Hertz (60 Hertz is the frequency of our wall sockets) would never penetrate more than a fraction of an inch into the body and kill someone. When you think of "Conduction" and metal hand held electrodes think of a direct contact with a positive and negative, except you are using AC current.
Everyone understands that if the voltage is high enough and you touch both the positive and the negative at the same time you will receive an electrical shock. This is because your body is directly coupled and this completes the circuit by touching both the positive and negative at the same time. This is "Conduction" in plain and simple terms. The same thing will happen if you touch both wires coming out of an electrical socket. If they are bare then the body completes the circuit and receives 100% of the energy. This would cause 120 volts and amps to enter your body, which may kill you. The fact that electricity when used with too much current can kill demonstrates that frequencies do penetrate the skin and go deep into biological tissue. So the "Conduction" or contact method of using metal hand cylinders is a good method of getting frequencies into biological tissue but the current must be limited in order to make it safe to use.
The majority of the people who purchase frequency generators purchase some kind of hand held metal or stick-on electrodes. In this paper to describe “Conduction” we will continue to describe it as metal hand cylinders or electrodes so you will understand what we are talking about.
To verify how "Conduction" works a simple scientific test can be performed by using an oscilloscope which can accurately measure the voltage of low frequencies and high RF frequencies. If we take a 5.4 watt peak power frequency generator that uses an RF carrier frequency which has 108 volts output at the circuit then we should have the same voltage on the surface of the metal hand cylinders when they are plugged into the output of the generator. The only reason this is possible is the metal hand cylinders are almost perfect conductors. With the science of "Conduction" whatever voltage is on the surface of the conductor (surface of a wire or metal hand cylinder) is all the energy that you will receive through "Conduction." At the following web address you can find the definition of a conductor. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_conductor . We quote:
“In physics and electrical engineering, a conductor is an object or type of material which permits the flow of electric charges in one or more directions. For example, a wire is an electrical conductor that can carry electricity along its length.”
Since the hand cylinders are metal conductors then the full voltage and current on the surface of the conductor will enter the body of the user holding them. This is how the science of "Conduction" works. After the voltage and current enters the body measuring it becomes more difficult. Therefore we will only discuss what is measureable not what is un-measureable.
We will also use same this same method of using an oscilloscope to measure a single ray tube and the hand held ray tubes. We will use this same method so people will be able to see a comparison between the three methods using an oscilloscope which will give accurate voltage measurements.
"INDUCTION" or Dr. Rife's Single ray tube or Hand Held ray tubes
Now we come to the method of delivering electromagnetic frequencies called induced “Induction” or the NON-CONTACT method. This method of delivering frequencies was used by Dr. Rife in the form of a single gas filled glass, Pyrex or quartz ray tube. For the purpose of this discussion we will just call them glass ray tubes. It is important to understand that the person receiving the frequencies did not touch or hold Dr. Rife's single glass ray tube in their hands. The frequencies entered the person’s body, without direct contact with the ray tube, through "Induction." This was accomplished due to the fact that frequencies can be broadcast out of a glass ray tube the same as a metal antenna. "Induction" is used when some form of insulator is used such as the glass the ray tube is made of. From the encyclopedia we obtain the definition of “Induction.” We quote:
"Electromagnetic induction is the production of a potential difference (voltage) across a conductor when it is exposed to a varying magnetic field. In electrical engineering, two conductors are referred to as mutual-inductively coupled or magnetically coupled when they are configured such that change in current flow through one wire induces a voltage across the ends of the other wire through electromagnetic induction. The amount of inductive coupling between two conductors is measured by their mutual inductance.
Electromagnetic induction is proportional to the intensity of the current and voltage in the conductor which produces the fields and the frequency. The higher the frequency the more intense the induction effect. The coupling between two wires can be increased by winding them into coils and placing them close together on a common axis, so the magnetic field of one coil passes through the other coil. The two coils may be physically contained in a single unit, as in the primary and secondary sides of a transformer, or may be separated."
"Induction" is complex depending on the material used. But in simple terms electrical frequencies can go through plastic, rubber or glass by “Induction” if the proper methods are used. From the above definition we learn that the higher the frequency the more intense the "Induction" effect. We also learn conductors such as two insulated wires need to be very close together in order for electromagnetic “Induction” to work with full transfer of the electromagnetic energy. The fact that the conductors must be very close together when using this method is very important for the transfer of the frequencies from one insulated conductor to another. This method is used when you us a single glass ray tube. This is how Dr. Rife’s original 1930’s/1950’s plasma ray tube instrument worked.
The “Induction” method of using a single glass ray tube is a good method of delivering frequencies but it is limited by the power used. Dr. Rife found that his single ray tube method required a minimum of 50 watts RMS (RMS is true power) and 100 watts peak power. We know this by the fact that when he started testing this method he first used 8 to 10 watts on Petri dishes. By 1934 when Dr. Milbank Johnson and Dr. Rife did the clinical test on humans the power of the instrument had increased to about 50 watts RMS and 100 watts peak power. In the 1959 document entitled "Electron Therapy" we read the following:
"The application of positive electrons [what people call positive electrons are actually known as protons] of an electrostatic space charge by means of a 50 watt [100 watts peak power] frequency generator was first demonstrated clinically in 1934. The instrument was known as the "Rife Ray" and consisted of 1) the power supply or a large bank of automobile batteries with three motor generator sets to maintain direct current flow, 2) a frequency generator with modulation of audio and radio frequency waves which were variable by controls and, 3) the applicator tubes which were similar to Coolidge type x-ray tubes and were filled with helium gas which gave an emanation of positive electrons (protons) at varying frequencies forming the method of transmission from a right angle electrode which absorbed the negative electrons directly to grounded connections." (Electron Therapy Paper).
From this paper we find that Dr. Rife used this method and the 50 watt minimum power level with his powerful single ray tube instruments. With Dr. Rife's ray tube method the user was not directly coupled to the circuit like holding a metal conductor with a positive and a negative. This is not how his ray tube worked. In order to directly couple with the circuit and receive 100% of the energy you must have a direct physical connection to the positive and negative terminal. For safety reasons the single glass ray tubes do not work with 100% of the energy transferred to the user on this scientific principle.
Most people do not understand that Dr. Rife's single glass ray tube worked on the “Inverse Square Law” of physics. This is the radiant method of “Induction.” We will now quote the definition of this law of physics so the reader will understand how it works:
"Any point source which spreads its influence equally in all directions without a limit to its range will obey the inverse square law. This comes from strictly geometrical considerations. The intensity of the influence at any given radius is the source strength divided by the area of the sphere. Being strictly geometric in its origin, the inverse square law applies to diverse phenomena. Point sources of gravitational force, electric field, light, sound or radiation obey the inverse square law."
This law deals with power loss and distance. We will give a simple explanation which should make it so the reader can understand how this law works. Dr. Rife’s 1930’s/1950’s equipment output 50 to 100 watts true RMS power from his single plasma glass ray tube. At one foot away from his RF 50 watt RMS power ray tube Dr. Rife had 12.5 watts RMS radiant power and at a 50% duty cycle 6.25 watts average power. At two feet he had 3.125 watt RMS power and at a 50% duty cycle 1.56 watts average power. At 3 feet he had .78 watts RMS power and at a 50% duty cycle .39 watts average power.
Anyone seeing this power loss can understand that the laws of physics are important to understand when considering the power loss with single ray tubes which have no direct contact with the user. No matter what anyone may believe this law of physics applies to all ray tubes because you do not have any physical contact with them. It does not matter if you use a single glass ray tube, or if you use two hand held glass ray tubes (without contact), or whether these instruments use an RF carrier frequency or a high EM field this law applies to the non-contact "Induction" method where there is no physical contact with the ray tube or tubes.
Another thing that needs to be understood is that you would only have this 50 watt RMS power level if you could focus all the energy emitted by the glass ray tube or tubes in one direction. This of course is not possible since the energy is being radiated out in a 360 degree radius. So even if a single glass ray tube is kept close to the person using it there is significant power loss that must be taken into consideration. The "Inverse square law" shows that the power drops off very quickly when using the "Induction" method of delivering frequencies into the body with a single ray tube.
Because of this law of physics anyone can see that whatever power level is output by the ray tube will never be fully coupled or absorbed into the body of the user by “Induction.” What must be considered and understood is there is significant power loss using this method that can only be overcome by using more power. It was this understanding of the significant power loss that inspired John Crane and John Marsh to build lower power pad instruments which used metal disks or hand cylinders as conductors. They understood that because of this significant power loss that a substantially less powerful metal hand cylinder instrument could be just as powerful as a 50 watt single glass ray tube instrument if it was targeted on specific parts of the body.
With this understanding of how a single non-contact ray tube works on "Induction," shows the 50 watts RMS (100 watts of peak power) with a 50% duty cycle output from a glass ray tube is not what is electromagnetically coupled into the body. Measuring how much energy actually couples to the body through “Induction” when there is no contact with the ray tube can be very difficult to fully measure. From the paper "Absorption of RF Radiation" we quote:
"A radio wave in space is characterized by its frequency, intensity of electric and magnetic fields, direction, and polarization. The interaction of external radio waves with biological bodies produces internal electric and magnetic fields, which can be calculated by solving Maxwell's equations for the given boundary conditions. This becomes a complex problem, however, because biological bodies are heterogeneous and complex in shape, making an exact solution impossible. In addition, the intensity of the internal field is greatly dependent on the boundary conditions under which the external field is applied. The frequency, intensity, and polarization of the field, in addition to the size, shape, dielectric properties of the exposed body, the spatial configuration of the exposure source and the body, and the presence of other objects in the vicinity, play a big role in the effect the radio waves will have on the body. For this reason, the internal field created in a mouse under a given external field will be much different than the internal field created in a man under the same external field."
From this quote we find that it is very difficult to determine exactly how much power couples to the body, through the air, with "Induction." But we do learn one fact. Not all of the 50 watts of power output by a single glass ray tube gets into the person’s body because they are not directly coupled to the circuit through a positive and a negative. It also does not get into the body because the energy is radiated out in a 360 degree radius. There is one exception to this 360 degree radius. Dr. Rife used a ray tube with internal electrodes. One electrode was on a 45 degree angle and the other electrode was straight. This style of single ray tube was shown in the photos above. This ray tube had a "partial directional effect" towards the person using it so it focused more energy towards the user. But even with this style of ray tube all the energy was not focused directly at the user. Most glass ray tubes today do not use these electrodes because the metal of the electrodes, over time, contaminates the gas which requires regular maintenance.
Because of these limitations the amount or percentage of energy which enters into the body using a ray tube, with no contact to the user, is governed by the “Inverse Square Law” using the RF broadcast method of "Induction." But only if you are using an RF carrier frequency. The scientific information we have read shows the person who uses a ray tube or tubes without any contact receives the energy or frequencies by the broadcast or “Induction” method of delivering frequencies. Because they have no contact with the ray tube or tubes they to do NOT receive any energy by the “Conduction” method of being directly connected to a positive and a negative.
Now with this understanding of how “Induction" works we now come to the concept of holding glass ray tubes in the hands with a direct contact to the glass. It is well understood that Dr. Rife used a single glass ray tube with his instruments. Most people like the concept of having their hands free by using a single glass ray tube. The concept of using Dr. Rife’s frequencies while holding two hand held glass ray tubes in the same manner as you would hold metal hand cylinders was started in the 1980’s and 1990’s. A few instrument builders started this new method because it made it possible to build small less expensive glass ray tube instruments. It was also appealing because they could claim they were using ray tubes. But it must be understood that glass is an insulator and a dielectric. We will now discuss how a dielectric works.
Glass is an Insulator and a Dielectric
Because glass is an insulator and also a dielectric we need to understand how much energy will go through the glass when a person is in direct contact with it by holding the glass ray tube or tubes in the hands. From Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dielectric we obtain the definition of a dielectric. We quote:
“A dielectric material (dielectric for short) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field. When a dielectric is placed in an electric field, electric charges DO NOT flow through the material as they do in a CONDUCTOR, but only slightly shift from their average equilibrium positions causing dielectric polarization. Because of dielectric polarization, positive charges are displaced toward the field and negative charges shift in the opposite direction. This creates an internal electric field that reduces the overall field within the dielectric itself...The study of dielectric properties concerns storage and dissipation of electric and magnetic energy in materials.”
In the above definition we learn that a dielectric is an insulator such as the glass the hand held ray tubes are made from. We also learn that it does not allow the electrical charges to flow through the material exactly as they do with a metal conductor. Again from the Wikipedia encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_conductor we obtain the definition of a Conductor. We quote:
“In physics and electrical engineering, a conductor is an object or type of material which permits the flow of electric charges in one or more directions. For example, a wire is an electrical conductor that can carry electricity along its length."
From both of these definitions we find that a dielectric such as glass does not have the conductive properties that will allow electricity to flow through it exactly like a metal conductor will. This means that even though glass does allow "Conduction" to take place it will not allow all of the energy to directly couple to the user who may hold a glass ray tube or tubes in their hands. This is the reason Dr. Rife used a ray tube made of glass and not a metal antenna. The insulating properties of the glass made it safe to use with people and animals. From these scientific definitions we learn two things. Ray tubes can work on two principles. One is "Induction" or the non-contact method and the other is "Conduction" or the contact method of holding the ray tube or tubes in your hands. But we also learn they have limits that need to be understood.
Single glass Ray tube "Conduction" test
Due to the fact that there are many claims made about how ray tubes work. And hese claims have been made without any scientific data backup, showing how much power or energy through "Conduction" couples to the body while holding a ray tube or tubes in the hands. It was determine that the only way to obtain the best scientific answer was to do a standard load test that all engineers do with circuits. All circuit power capabilities are determine by testing them under load. To do this type of load test an oscilloscope was used for the measurements. It measured the power drop in the circuit when a person holds a glass ray tube or tubes in their hands. This drop in voltage would show the maximum amount of energy or coupling that could take place through "Conduction" to the body of the user through direct contact with a single glass ray tube.
In order to find out the maximum amount of energy that could couple through "Conduction" or direct contact with the body requires that the voltage on the surface of the ray tube to be measured. Since "Conduction" works on direct contact with the voltage and current then whatever the voltage is on the surface of the glass of the ray tube would be the maximum amount of energy that would couple to the body through "Conduction." Again we must point out that it should be obvious to anyone that it is scientifically impossible to conduct any more power or voltage than is on the surface of a conductor, whether it is made of glass or metal. By measuring the amount of power or voltage put into a ray tube and then measuring the voltage on the surface of the ray tube will reveal the amount of power lost due to the less conductive properties of the glass. Also measuring the voltage on the surface of the glass will give the maximun voltage and current that will couple to the body by direct contact when holding the ray tube or tubes in the hands of the user.
A single glass ray tube like Dr. Rife used was tested first. We found that with a single ray tube the person had to be grounded in order to have the greatest amount of power transfer through "Conduction." Using an oscilloscope a variable 20 to 103 watt RMS circuit was measured. The voltage to the ray tube was 1370 volts at 85 watts RMS or 170 watts peak power. Several readings were taken and averaged. When the ray tube was held in both hands the average voltage dropped from 1370 volts down to 1250 volts. This was an 8.76% drop. This 8.76% voltage drop represents the maximum amount of power or energy which coupled to the body of the user through "Conduction." This 8.76 % represents 7.4 watts RMS or about 15 watts peak power. So from this test we get the maximum amount of power that will couple to the body through direct contact with a single ray tube like the one Dr. Rife used.
The next test was done to measure the surface voltage of the ray. The surface voltage will give us the maximum amount of energy that will couple to the body by direct contact with the ray tube. Metal hand cylinders are usually used with wet terry cloth covers for greater conductivity. A wet terry cloth was laid across the surface of the single ray tube. Using an oscilloscope the negative probe went to ground and the positive was put on the wet terry cloth which was placed on surface of the ray tube. The voltage to the ray tube was 1370 volts. The voltage on the surface of the ray tube was 269 volts. This is an 80.37% drop in the voltage. This test also shows how the glass is an insulator and dropped the voltage by 80.37%. So from this test we find that 19.63% or 269 volts could couple to the body by "Conduction" or direct contact with the ray tube. This 19.63% represents 16.68 watts RMS or 33 watts peak power. This test gives us the maximun amount of energy that could couple through "Conduction" or direct contact with the body of the user.
From this test a single ray tube instrument would be working on a ratio of 80.37% through "Induction" and 19.63% through "Conduction" if you held the single ray tube in your hands using a wet cloth.
If you compare this 19.63% "Conduction" or energy transfer to an instrument that only uses metal hand cylinders then this is how they would compare. A metal hand cylinder instrument would have to have a 16.68 watt RMS or 33 watt peak power output circuit to be equal to the same amount of energy or power delivered through "Conduction" from direct contact with an 85 watt RMS or 170 watt peak power single ray tube instrument.
Two glass Hand Held ray tube "Conduction" tests
There are several different instruments that use glass hand held ray tubes and their power ranges from about 7.5 to 19 watts RMS or 15 watts to 38 watts peak power. As mentioned before the two glass hand held ray tube method works different than the single ray tube method. The two glass hand held ray tubes are constantly reversing polarity over and over again. This results in an intense electro-magnetic field between them as opposed to a single ray tube. A few of these hand held ray tube instruments were measured. The tests were also done using an oscilloscope and they verify that this method of reversing polarity over and over significantly increases the energy coupling through "Conduction" or direct contact of the glass hand held ray tubes to the body of the user.
Every glass hand held ray tube had wet terry cloth covers put on them. The actual circuit voltage was first measured at the circuit before the ray tubes. The voltage was then measured by touching the oscilloscope probes to the surface of the ray tubes. One probe was place on each ray tube. By doing this we could measure how much the power dropped due to the insulating properties of the glass. This power drop showed how much power or voltage was on the surface of the glass conductor or hand held ray tubes. Since it is not possible to receive more power than is on the surface of a conductor then the voltage on the surface of the glass of the ray tube determines how much power could actually couple to the body through "Conduction" or direct contact with the glass hand held ray tubes.
The combined voltage to the glass hand held ray tubes was measured which varied due to the 7.5 to 19 watts RMS range (15 to 38 watts peak power). The voltage at the output circuits varied in range from about 1500 volts to 10,000 volts. When the voltage on the surface of the glass hand held ray tubes was measure the voltage had dropped by an average of about 53%. This test clearly showed that the glass was an insulator and dropped the voltage by about 53%. From this test we find that about 50% of the energy or watts that are put into glass hand held ray tubes may couple to the body by "Conduction" or direct contact with the ray tubes. This 50% represents from about 3.5 watts RMS to 8.5 watts RMS or 7.5 watts peak power to about 19 watts peak power that is coupled to the body by "Conduction" using glass hand held ray tubes. This test gives us the maximum amount of energy that could couple through "Conduction" to the body of the user when holding glass hand held ray tubes.
The tests also showed how well the reversing polarity method works. If you compare both methods without using a ground plate then you only have about 3% coupling with a single glass ray tube compared to about 50% coupling with two glass hand held ray tubes. That is over 15 times more power coupling to the body of the user through "Conduction" than a single ray tube could do if no ground plate is used.
These tests show that the power transfer ratio for glass hand held ray tubes is about 47% through "Conduction" or direct contact with the skin of the user and 53% through "Induction" or the non-contact method governed by the "Inverse Square Law." Because the ratio can vary a little we rounded the "Conduction" amount to 50%.
If you compare this 50% "Conduction" or energy transfer to an instrument that only uses metal hand cylinders then this is how they would compare. A metal hand cylinder instrument has over 50% more power through "Conduction" than glass hand held ray tube instruments. The fact that you have a metal conductor versus a glass conductor is the reason for the power drop. A metal conductor will always conduct more energy than a glass conductor and this was verified using an oscilloscope.
Glass as an Insulator tests
All of tests that were done fully verify how "Conduction" and “Induction” work. The fact that the glass kept from 53% to 81% of the energy from directly coupling to the body clearly demonstrates the reason why, for safety reasons, Dr. Rife used a glass ray tube with the power levels he used. Dr. Rife used a minimum of 50 watts RMS or 100 watts peak power with his ray tube instruments. Though this method of testing does not take everything into consideration it gives us a very close measurement of how much energy directly couples to the body, through “Conduction” when you hold a single glass ray tube or two hand held glass ray tubes in your hands.
Ray tubes as a Point Source test
Some people promote the incorrect idea that glass hand held ray tubes using the reversing polarity method do not work like a point source because of the polarity change. Though the hand held ray tubes do have an intense electro-magnetic field between them they also radiate in all directions (360 degrees) like a point source because about 50% of the energy is output from the ray tubes using the "Induction" method. This fact is easily proven by doing another simple test. Even though the ray tubes were put within two inches of each other, where the intense magnetic field is the strongest, the test using an oscilloscope easily pick up the frequencies broadcasting off the hand held ray tubes 10 feet away from the oscilloscope probes. It did not matter if you held the glass ray tubes in your hands or just put them next to each other on a table the results were still the same. We were also able to easily read the frequencies with a hand held frequency counter. These tests prove that the hand held ray tubes are also a point source that radiate in all directions. Logically, if they didn't radiate the frequencies out in all directions then they wouldn't be called "Ray Tubes" and they also wouldn't work on 53% to 81% "Induction." All ray tubes, in one degree or another, work as a point source.
Metal Hand Cylinder "Conduction" test
We then measured a 3.1 MHz 15 watt RMS or 30 watt peak power RF amplifier using metal hand cylinders. The instrument voltage when measured with an oscilloscope was 330 volts at the circuit and 330 volts at the metal hand cylinders. Because of the direct contact with a positive and a negative 100% or 330 volts or 30 watts peak power directly coupled through "Conduction" to the body of the user instead of only about 19% with a single ray tube or about 50% with two hand held glass ray tubes. The body under these conditions becomes an antenna. To verify this we used an Elenco F-2800 1 MHz to 3 GHz hand held frequency counter to see how far the signal could be read off of the body. When the un-held hand cylinders were read the signal was only readable within a few inches of the metal hand cylinders. But when the metal hand cylinders were held by the user the 3.1 MHz carrier frequency could be read for over 12 feet from the person holding the metal hand cylinders. This verifies that the body does become an antenna.
All of theses tests now give us a reasonable comparison of how much energy couples to the body through "Conduction" with a single ray tube, hand held ray tubes and metal hand cylinders.
1. With a single ray tube about 19% of the energy will couple with the body through "Conduction" from holding the ray tube in the hands as long as a ground plate is used.
2. With hand held ray tubes using the reversing polarity method about 50% of the energy will couple to the body through "Conduction" when holding the ray tubes in the hands.
3. With metal hand cylinders 100% of the energy will couple to the body through "Condution" from holding the metal hand cylinders in the hands.
Dr. Rife used the glass ray tube method because it was less conductive and safe to use next to people or animals. He also used instruments that were 50 to 75 watts RMS or 100 to 150 watts peak power and if someone touched a metal antenna with this amount of power they would receive instant third degree RF burns. For this reason you would never want to be directly coupled to a ray tube instrument.
Metal Hand Cylinders and power limits
Because of the direct contact with the user metal hand cylinders are limited by the power level that is used. The maximum power level that can be safely used with metal hand cylinders is about 15 watts RMS and 30 watts peak power with a 100% square wave duty cycle. A 100% square wave duty cycle would also give you the average power of 15 watts instead of 7.5 watts with a 50% duty cycle. If an RF carrier frequency is not used the power level will be greatly reduced and limited to about 1/5th (0.20) of one watt due to the fact that the muscles of the body begin to lock up. But if an RF carrier frequency is used then up to about 30 watts peak power of RF energy can safely be used. This is about 115 times more power than 1/5th of one watt. Anyone can see that a 30 watt peak power machine is going to work better than a 1/5th of one watt machine. Because of the direct contact a small amount of power through "Conduction" or metal hand cylinders can be equal to a great deal of power put out by "Induction" or a ray tube.
What makes metal hand cylinders work so efficiently is there is no insulator, like glass, to reduce the electrical frequencies from going directly into the tissue and cells of the body. Again we must point out that using metal hand cylinders is like touching bare electrical wires where one is positive and the other is negative. Because of “Conduction" or the direct contact method when used with the "Cell Effect" (1 MHz or higher) this results in more power being transferred into the person even though a frequency generator may be using a lot less power. What we are trying to explain is one method is direct coupling or direct contact with the electrical current (metal hand cylinders) and the other is a reduced coupling (glass ray tube) because the glass is not made of metal.
Direct coupling “Conduction” or metal hand cylinders with the "Cell Effect" will always deliver more power when compared to indirect coupling “Induction” or glass ray tubes, within certain distances and power ranges. We say certain power ranges for some very important reasons. Dr. Rife’s 1930’s/1950’s equipment used the indirect or "Induction" method with a ray tube and an RF carrier frequency. With that single ray tube he used peak power of 100 to 150 watts of RF energy and these power levels will be superior to 30 watt peak power metal hand cylinders or 15 to 38 watt peak power hand held ray tubes.
Incorrect understanding of how Metal Hand Cylinders work
In recent years some companies that build instruments that use metal hand cylinders have been promoting misguided assumptions about how they work. They are telling people that they do not need to hold the metal hand cylinders in their hands in order to get the frequencies into the body. They are incorrectly telling people that they can place the metal hand cylinders next to them, on a couch or a bed, and they will broadcast the frequencies like a ray tube.
First of all the metal hand cylinders are not designed to work like a single ray tube or like the metal antenna of a radio station. This incorrect belief is as misguided as believing glass ray tubes will work 100% on “Conduction.” The small metal hand cylinders do not work like a ray tube. They must come in contact with the person using them. Many people do not understand that if you do not have a direct contact with both metal hand cylinders you will receive 0% of the energy instead of 100% of the energy. The user must hold one metal hand cylinder in each hand in order to complete the circuit. If this is not done then the energy will not enter the body of the user. Understanding how both scientific methods work along with their limitations is important to understand.
The greatest advantage of using metal hand cylinders is you will have 100% of the energy transfer to the user instead of only about 50% power transfer to the user with glass hand held ray tubes. This is due to the insulating properties of the glass. Since both methods use “Conduction” to deliver the frequencies there is no major advantage in using hand held ray tubes. Had the builders of these hand held ray tube instruments understood the 50% power loss, due to the insulating properties of the glass, they may have just used metal hand cylinders. But the appeal of hand held ray tubes sounds good since Dr. Rife used a ray tube. This is the main reason why some people like this method. But if people really understood the power loss they would understand that metal hand cylinders are at least 50% more efficient.
Glass Hand Held Ray Tubes and power limits
Because the hand held glass ray tubes are small they cannot handle the 50 watts RMS power (RMS power equals true power in watts) level that was used by Dr. Rife in his 1930’s/1950’s instruments. There are two reasons why hand held glass ray tubes cannot handle the 50 watts RMS. One: They will become too hot for the user to hold in their hands. Two: Because of "Conduction" from the reversing polarity method used the voltage on the surface of the hand held glass ray tubes will become so great it will make them unsafe to use. One company has their instrument, when turned up all the way, capable of having electrical arcs of electricity that will come off the hand held ray tubes about 1 inch to the hand of the person using it. Those who use it seldom turn it up all the way to full. This was the most powerful hand held ray tube instrument we tested. For these reasons the power level was wisely lowered from 50 watts RMS down to about 7.5 to 19 watts RMS or 15 to 38 watts peak power by the various builders of these types of instruments.
Lowering the power level made it so the glass hand held ray tubes are safe to use when people hold them in their hands. But it also means that they are almost three times less powerful than Dr. Rife’s original 50 watt single ray tube instrument.
Metal hand cylinders also have their limits. If you increase the power level of metal hand cylinders above 17 watts RMS or 34 watts peak power then the power level may become too high to use in direct contact with the skin of the user. Circuits with power levels above 20 watts RMS or 40 watts peak power levels have been tested and they have produced electrical voltage arcs that will also come off of the metal hand cylinders. For safety reasons no company builds instruments capable of using metal hand cylinders with this much power. Because of what has been explained both methods have their limits that need to be understood.
Some of the companies that make glass hand held ray tube instruments want people to believe that 100% of the energy put into glass hand held ray tubes will also transfer or couple to the body of the user through “Conduction” or direct contact of the ray tubes with the hands of the user. This belief was easily proven incorrect when we measured the voltage going into the ray tubes and then measured the voltage on the surface of the ray tubes. This test showed a 50% drop. This means that one half of the power is lost and is not conducted to the surface of the glass hand held ray tubes. We must again point out it is scientifically impossible to receive more power than is on the surface of a conductor. Because of this only the power level on the surface of the hand held ray tubes is transferred to the person holding the ray tubes through "Conduction." Since the tests show that only about 50% of the power is available to be transferred to the user these tests disproved any claim that 100% of the energy is transferred into the body of the user holding glass hand held ray tubes.
Dr. Rife understood that there was a significant energy loss when using a glass ray tube. Because he understood this fact this is why he used his single ray tube very close to the body of the user. In order for 100% of the energy to couple to the body when using glass hand held ray tubes would require 0% loss with a glass ray tube which is designed to radiate its energy through the non-contact "Induction" method of delivering frequencies. This of course is scientifically impossible because of the use of the plasma gas used inside the glass ray tube.
Nevertheless it is amazing that through the reversing polarity method used with hand held ray tubes about 50% of the energy will couple or transfer into the body through "Conduction" or direct contact with the user. If you compare this to a standard single ray tube which will only transfer about 3% when used without a ground plate and 9% with a ground plate it is a significant achievement. But implying that 100% of the energy will transfer into the body through “Conduction” or direct contact is not even reasonable thinking. The tests that were done and included in this article show that about 50% of the power or energy put into glass hand held ray tubes will transfer to the body through “Conduction.” They also show that the other 50% of the energy is radiated out in 360 degrees with a portion of that remaining energy coupling to the body of the user through “Induction.” Believing that 100% of the energy will couple to the body using hand held ray tubes when they are not made of a metal conductor is not possible. All of the scientific laws of “Induction” and “Conduction” do not support this belief. The reader will have to decide for themselves if they think that this is possible when Dr. Rife never believed in this thinking and the scientific laws of physics show that it is not possible.
The first metal electrode or Hand Cylinder instrument
In the "Electron Therapy" report we read the following statement about how they came up with the concept of a metal hand cylinder and footplate instrument:
"An improvement in electron generators has been model A-1 Frequency Instrument consisting of an audio oscillator driving two metal electrodes [Metal disks or hand cylinders or footplates] which are attached directly to the body. Output voltage 10 volts.
The desire for a portable unit and the elimination of the applicator tube [Ray tube] has motivated the development of this model.
The output control of the instrument enables the operator or the patient to provide devitalization frequencies at comfortable energy levels consistent with the patients individual absorbed electron flow ability. Some patients can transmit higher voltages at identical frequencies than others.
In the last years this technique has received new impetus due, on one hand to the availability and tremendous progress in electronic parts and test equipment, and on the other hand, to the discovery of direct application to the body without the need of an applicator tube [Ray tube]. The problem of adequate coverage with this method is manifold as only small areas of the body are treated at one time with a single instrument. Additional amplification with metal harnesses or electrodes covering many areas simultaneously are contemplated for future development."
From these quotes we learn several facts. The Model A-1 was the first instrument built to use the "Conduction" or metal hand cylinder method of delivering frequencies. This instrument did not use an RF or radio carrier frequency. It only used low audio frequencies and its output voltage was only 10 volts. It could output about 1/5th (0.20) of one watt of power. Many instruments on the market today still only use this method and power level. These instruments are limited to smaller areas of the body. As we learned in the above quote this 1/5th of one watt power was only considered viable for smaller areas of the body, but it still worked very well.
Today some frequency generators use an RF carrier frequency which has made it possible to increase the power level from 0.20 watts to 30 watts peak power with metal hand cylinders. This made it possible for metal hand cylinder instruments to be able to compete with ray tube instruments in the ability to apply a great deal more power into the body through the "Conduction" method of delivering frequencies. This is one of several reasons why an RF carrier frequency should be used with metal hand cylinders. This type of instrument also uses the concept of a positive and a negative. By using this method the metal hand cylinders and footplates work in much the same manner as a ray tube in delivering the frequencies.
The tests that were done comparing the coupling capabilities of metal hand cylinders to glass hand held ray tubes show that metal hand cylinders will couple through "Conduction" 100% of the energy and hand held ray tubes about 50%. So any claim that hand held ray tubes will work better than metal hand cylinders is all determine by the power levels of each instrument.
As discussed above the distance the ray tube is from the person using it determines how much power is transferred to the body above the 9% to about 50% that is directly coupled to the person holding the glass ray tubes. The distance from the body can and does have a significant effect on the power loss when using the “Induction” method which ray tubes work on. Again in the "Electron Therapy" report we read:
"The eye or electron space charge concentration of the applicator tube [50 watt Ray tube] has been observed to occur at a distance of 10 to 12 inches away from the applicator tube. This distance from the tube to the illness of the patient gives the most efficient microorganism destruction.
At the present time therapy is applied to an area much the same as the force was applied when David hit Goliath with a slingshot; the electrons [positive protons] are directed to specific areas but we cannot be certain that the specific areas treated are always the vital areas involved. In our animal experiments this handicap was overcome by the smallness of the animal and the subsequent adequate coverage’s of the entire contaminated areas treated and involved. With the human anatomy, area, depth, and distance become involved providing variable conditions which can be overcome by treatments of long duration over the entire body.
The theory of electron therapy and coordinative resonance has not yet advanced so far as to allow calculation of the MOR or the amount of electrons [protons] necessary for complete devitalization but we are very close to the lower limits because by the use of lower power, little or no results are attained."
This “Electron Therapy” report clearly shows that power is important and why Dr. Rife used a 50 to 75 watt RMS or 100 to 150 watt peak power ray tube instruments. In this report they state that if a sufficient amount of power is not used then little or no results are attained. Some will say that ray tube instruments with 50 to 75 watts RMS or 100 to 150 watts peak power will work up to 30 feet away from the ray tube. But this is not what Dr. Rife found to be the case. It appears that for best results, depending on power levels of 100 to 150 watts peak power, single ray tubes should be used within 10 to 24 inches of the affected area. If you are farther away then you must use a longer duration time.
For the reasons we have discussed a single glass ray tube instrument has to be about 3 times more powerful than a metal hand cylinder instrument to have the same effect. Hand held glass ray tube instruments need to be about 2 times more powerful than a metal hand cylinder instrument for the same effect. It is just a matter of direct contact with metal versus reduced contact holding a glass ray tube. The tests show that each method does have its limits according to the power level which is used.
Is a Ray tube and the broad spectrum energies which it puts out necessary?
Because glass ray tubes also put out a broad spectrum of energies which include electromagnetic fields, electrostatic fields, conductive electron flow or electricity and light waves in the visible and invisible spectrum, some believe that they are superior to metal hand cylinders because of these energies. We could try to use all kinds of scientific tests to disprove this incorrect notion, but there is an easier way of settling this question. We will just quote Dr. Rife and some of the people who worked with him. Here are several quotes:
In this first quote Dr. Rife is talking to John Crane and John Marsh and others about how the light or color from the ray tube is not important.
RIFE: “We don’t care about the color or anything of that sort.” (John Marsh Collection, Gonin Papers, Page 25)
In this quote Dr. Rife clearly states that the color does not matter.
This next quote is from Dr. Couche, who used the Rife Ray #5 or Beam Ray Clinical instrument for over 22 years. He talked about visiting Dr. Rife’s lab and talks about how the ray tube instrument was in the basement and the organisms were upstairs on the main floor with the microscope. He points out how the frequencies had to go through a fifteen inch concrete floor. There is no possible way the light from the ray tube could have penetrated that fifteen inch concrete floor. It is obvious from what he states that the light didn’t make any difference. It was the frequencies that were broadcast from the ray tube and penetrated through the concrete floor that killed the microorganisms.
DR. COUCHE: “There was fifteen inches of concrete on the floor so as to stop any earthquake shocks from interfering with his work. And in his laboratory upon the ground floor he had a microscope with a slide on it that this group of people and myself looked at. And this was not stained, there was no killing of the bacteria on it. It was just a fresh culture of the colon bacillus…..Well we all went down under the stairs into the cellar right immediately under the microscope upon the floor above us and the Rife machine was down in underneath there under the culture in the cellar probably I suppose about ten feet away, eight or ten feet away. And he turned the machine on and gave it less than a half minute’s frequency for the colon bacillus...Then he turned the machine off and we all came upstairs and waited for ten or fifteen minutes. And presently he came back to his microscope and he said, “Well gentlemen come and look at the slide now.” Well to my astonishment the bacilli all had been killed and they were all stacked up on the slide.” (John Marsh Rife CDs - CD 3 track 1)
This quote clearly shows that no light from the ray tube penetrated the concrete floor proving that the light from the ray tube is not necessary.
In this third quote Dr. Rife is talking with John Crane and John Marsh after Marsh's trip to Ohio where he worked with Dr. Robert P. Stafford M.D. In this quote Dr. Rife talks about how the frequencies can be broadcast through a metal antenna which means that all the broadcast energies from the gas of the ray tube is not necessary.
RIFE: “You know we had an idea when we had our Clinic in La Jolla, of course that was battery and motor generator operated that set, you know, and boy it would sure raise the devil with all the radios so we had a couple of cars that was equipped with car radios and we sent them out and we would take the switch of that thing, and had a code you know like an S.O.S., and one of them went up north, and one of them went south from La Jolla. Before we started in we wanted to see how far we were going to disturb things with it you know, and incidentally we had it in a steel room, a steel lined vault about this size at the old Ellen Scripp’s home. It was the vault in the library of the Scripp’s home where they kept their valuable manuscripts and books in all steel lined and a door on it like a safe. We had the thing inside of that too, but it didn’t make much difference, but we started in, and one car lost the pick up on top of Torry Pines, and the other one half ways through Mission Beach picked it up, and then they could go a hundred feet and lose and then they would have to pick it up again. Old Henry [Henry Siner] the boy that was with us out there, one of the lab boys, boy he went up in the air. He says, “By God” he says “look, we’re going to fix them up right. At two o’clock we’ll hook this up to a big radio station, a big transmitting station, and at two o’clock next week we’ll broadcast for tuberculosis, and at half past three the week after we will broadcast for cancer, and everybody at the radio will pick it up”. See, boy I said Henry that really is an idea.” (1957 John Marsh Trip to Ohio Paper #24)
It is clear from this quote that the frequencies can be broadcast from a metal antenna which would not have the broadcast energies given off from the ray tube. From this quote we know Dr. Rife clearly understood that the broadcast energies were not necessary for the destruction of microorganisms.
In this fourth quote one of Dr. Rife's close friends, Ben Cullen, talks about how the frequencies could have been broadcast from a radio station using a metal antenna. This quote again shows how the ray tube is not needed:
CULLEN: "The fact is, had it not been for certain very, very unpleasant circumstances, Dr. Rife would've had an arrangement with KFI or KFSD [Radio stations] where he would have been broadcasting out over quite a large radius from each broadcasting station the rays which are responsible for eradicating these various viruses, which we now know as being "killing" viruses. Just imagine as you walked around shopping downtown, or out in the street, you would receive the rays of this wonderful current." (Ben Cullen's 1960 talk given at the First International Convention of the Rife Virus Microscope #G)
The fifth and final quote comes from Dr. Rife's attorney, Bertrand Comparet. He talks about how metal hand cylinders first came to be used in the 1950's:
COMPARET: “Now, Crane said “Well now look, Rife himself admits that no matter how much tube and ray, and so on, you have, you can’t get any results unless you’ve got the right frequency. Therefore the real clue to the thing is the frequency and not the means by which you deliver it.” Comparet also said: “Well, Crane originally was, with more modern techniques, duplicating the Rife machine, tube and all for early experiments. And, as I say, he came to the conclusion that you just weren’t getting anything additional by the use of the tube. If you didn’t get the frequency, you could run the rest of it indefinitely and nothing happened. So, what Crane did, he got an audio frequency generator. Now, you could make them up yourself by an awful lot of work, or you could buy a Heathkit audio frequency generator and get all the same results with a lot less time and effort. So he was using these Heathkit generators. Now, instead of a beam projected from a tube, a ray, he simply had two wires. I think they were aluminium knobs on the end of them, which would be used. They would be put on the body in such a position that the natural flow of the current from one to the other would go through the diseased area, and he got astonishing results.” (1970’s Bertrand Comparet Interview #33 & 47)
From all of these quotes we find that Dr. Rife knew that the color or light from the ray tube didn't matter. We also find that only the broad spectrum energies that will also come from a metal antenna are important. From these quotes we see that frequencies broadcast from a metal antenna will work in the exact same manner as frequencies broadcast from a ray tube.
It is apparent from what we have read that Dr. Rife believed it was the frequency that was devitalizing the organism and the method of delivery really does not matter. Clearly, Dr. Rife understood that the frequencies could be broadcast by a radio station, using a metal antenna, if they had enough power. These quotes should dispel in reasonable minds the idea that glass ray tubes somehow are superior to metal hand cylinders using the "Conduction" or "Induction” method. The only superiority is when the power is increased to the 100 to 150 watts peak power levels that were used by Dr. Rife's ray tube equipment.
Over 50 years of use
Glass ray tubes have been used for over 80 years and metal hand cylinders have been used for over 50 years with very good success. When the power levels used with metal hand cylinders was increased by the use of an RF carrier frequency the people who use them have noticed that they work significantly better. This would be understandable. From what we can see both methods work very well. But if you move up to the 100 to 150 watt peak power levels that Dr. Rife used with his single ray tube instruments then Dr. Rife's power level will trump any lower power ray tube (which may be 10, 15, 20, 30 or 38 watts) or metal hand cylinder instrument even if they use 30 watts peak power.
It is just a matter of going from good to better to best. Within the lower power ranges we have discussed they both seem to work well. What is most important is both methods will only work to their highest potential if the proper power level minimums are correctly used including the "Cell Effect" method of using an RF carrier frequency of at least 1 MHz. Using an RF carrier frequency the way Dr. Rife did is what makes this possible.
Summary of Direct Conduction and Induced Induction:
1. There are basically two methods of delivering frequencies. The first is “Conduction” and the second is "Induction.”
2. Metal hand cylinders will deliver 100% of the energy through "Conduction" or the direct contact method through a positive and a negative.
3. A single ray tube power delivery ratio is about 19% through "Conduction" or direct contact with the body and about 81% "Induction" through the radiant method of delivering frequencies which are governed by the "Inverse Square Law."
4. Hand held ray tubes that use the reversing polarity method will have a power delivery ratio of about 50% through "Conduction" or direct contact with the body and about 50% "Induction" through the radiant method of delivering frequencies which are governed by the "Inverse Square Law."
5. The “Conduction” method that uses direct coupling with an RF carrier frequency of 100,000 Hertz will have the full "Cell Effect" with metal hand cylinders.
6. The “Induction” method that uses a ray tube or tubes with an RF carrier frequency of 100,000 Hertz will have the full "Cell Effect."
7. Metal conductors such as metal hand cylinders are highly conductive and work on a positive and negative conductor principle.
8. Glass conductors such as ray tubes are a dielectric and reduce the amount of energy that can be conducted to the body through "Conduction."
9. Both methods work well within certain power levels. Both methods were used back in the 1950's.
To learn more about Dr. Rife's frequencies click on the three links below.